Shimeji (Japanese: シメジ, 占地 or 湿地) is a group of edible mushrooms native to East Asia, but also found in northern Europe.Hon-shimeji (Lyophyllum shimeji) is a mycorrhizal fungus and difficult to cultivate. Other species are saprotrophs, and buna-shimeji is now widely cultivated. Shimeji is rich in umami-tasting compounds such as guanylic acid, glutamic acid, and aspartic acid.
Remove the base. First, separate the mushroom into two halves (image 1), then cut the base off creating the letter “V”, making sure not to cut off any part of the mushroom that is edible (image 2). Make sure to pick Bunashimeji with thick stems. One Pot Mushroom Soup With Ramen Noodles White shimeji Mushroom Japanese Mushroom Healthy SoupIngredientsWhite Shiemji mushrooms 150gWater 1.5LGarlic 10Ginge. Tonight we fried up brown & white Shimeji and a HUGE King Oyster mushroom; boiled some Orechiette pasta, added it to the pan-fried mushrooms and added 3 tbsp of our Shiitake mushroom soup. We ended up with a creamy, flavourful mushroom pasta, and added grated Parmesan and chopped parsley to.
Several species are sold as shimeji mushrooms. All are saprotroph except Lyophyllum shimeji.
- Hon-shimeji (ホンシメジ), Lyophyllum shimeji
- The cultivation methods have been patented by several groups, such as Takara Bio and Yamasa, and the cultivated hon-shimeji is available from several manufacturers in Japan.
- Buna-shimeji (ブナシメジ, lit. beech shimeji), Hypsizygus tessellatus, also known in English as the brown beech or brown clamshell mushroom
- Hypsizygus marmoreus is a synonym of Hypsizygus tessellatus. Cultivation of Buna-shimeji was first patented by Takara Shuzo Co.,Ltd. in 1972 as hon-shimeji and the production started in 1973 in Japan. Now, several breeds are widely cultivated and sold fresh in markets.
- Bunapi-shimeji (ブナピー), known in English as the white beech or white clamshell mushroom
- Bunapi was selected from UV-irradiated buna-shimeji ('hokuto #8' x 'hokuto #12') and the breed was registered as 'hokuto shiro #1' by Hokuto Corporation.
- Hatake-shimeji (ハタケシメジ), Lyophyllum decastes
- Shirotamogidake (シロタモギダケ), Hypsizygus ulmarius
- These two species had been also sold as hon-shimeji.
- Velvet pioppino (alias velvet pioppini, black poplar mushroom, Chinese: 茶樹菇/茶树菇), Agrocybe aegerita
Shimeji should always be cooked: it is not a good mushroom to serve raw due to a somewhat bitter taste, but the bitterness disappears completely upon cooking. The cooked mushroom has a pleasant, firm, slightly crunchy texture and a slightly nutty flavor. Cooking also makes this mushroom easier to digest. It works well in stir-fried foods, as well as with wild game or seafood. Also it can be used in soups, stews and in sauces. When cooked alone, Shimeji mushrooms can be sautéed whole, including the stem or stalk (only the very end cut off), using a higher temperature or they can be slow roasted on a low temperature with a small amount of butter or cooking oil. Shimeji is used in soups, nabe and takikomi gohan.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shimeji.|
- ^Hon Shimeji located in Sweden - http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/natur/0,1518,703531,00.html (German) - retrieved June 30, 2010
- ^(in Japanese)Hyoeiオリジナルコラム（なでしこ通信） 日本人はキノコが大好きArchived 2007-12-13 at the Wayback Machine, Hyogo NCC College.
- ^METHOD FOR ARTIFICIALLY CULTURING LYOPHYLLUM SHIMEJI, TAKARA AGURI KK, JP2001120059. ARTIFICIAL CULTIVATION METHOD OF LYOPHYLLUM SHIMEJI, TAKARA BIO INC, JP2007143565.
- ^NEW STRAIN OF LYOPHYLLUM SHIMEJI AND USE OF THE SAME, YAMASA SHOYU KK, JP2006271234. METHOD FOR ARTIFICIALLY CULTURING LYOPHYLLUM SHIMEJI AND CULTURE MEDIUM, Yamasa Shoyu KK, JP2007054044.
- ^(in Japanese)雪国本しめじArchived 2007-12-15 at the Wayback Machine, Yukiguni Maitake Co.,Ltd.
- ^(in Japanese)ヤマサほんしめじ, Yamasa Corporation.
- ^(in Japanese)Hypsizigus marmoreus - 長期利用微生物参考データ（食品工業利用微生物）, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan.
- ^Bunashimeji and BunapiArchived 2007-12-16 at the Wayback Machine, Hokuto Corporation.
- ^(in Japanese)ホクト白１号菌 (第13294号)[permanent dead link], Plant Variety Protection, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (Japan).
- Honshimeji Mushroom, RecipeTips.com. Brown Beech (Buna shimeji), White Beech (Bunapi shimeji), and the Pioppino (Agrocybe aegerita) mushrooms.
Northern California is experiencing major heatwave in these past few days. The temperature exceeds 38 Celsius (100 Fahrenheit) for 3 days now, and I have no mood to stand in the kitchen. With that in mind, I will share this really quick and delicious stir fry with you, butter garlic soy sauce shimeji stir fry.
Shimeji (beech mushroom) and other ingredients for this stir-fry
Shimeji is actually not just one mushroom, but a group of edible mushrooms native to East Asia. Like most mushrooms, shimeji is rich in guanylic acid, glutamic acid, and aspartic acid, basically components that make shimeji mushrooms full of umami flavors.
Two varieties of shimeji that are commonly sold in the US are buna shimeji/brown beech/brown clamshell mushroom and bunapi shimeji/white beech/white clamshell mushroom.
If you have never tried shimeji before, you are missing out, and I think they look super cute too :) If you can get both the brown and the white varieties, I think using both varieties lends the dish a pretty color combo presentation.
To prepare shimeji, trim off the root part (like enoki if you ever tried that). Then, tear off individual mushroom stalks so they don’t all bunch up together. If you see any dirt, just wipe them off with a wet kitchen town since it’s always better not to submerge mushrooms in water.
Aside from shimeji, you will also need unsalted butter, garlic, soy sauce, salt, ground white pepper, and scallion.
Shimeji Mushroom Magnets Recipes
5 Minutes Stir Fry
Once your prep work is done, the dish should be ready in no time.
Heat butter in a frying pan over medium-high heat. Once the butter melts, add shimeji to the pan and cook for 2 minutes.
Add garlic into the pan, mix well and cook for 30 seconds.
Add soy sauce, salt, and ground white pepper. Once the sauce is dry, turn off the heat and transfer to a serving plate.
White Shimeji Mushroom Recipes
Serve the shimeji stir fry immediately garnished with thinly sliced scallion.
Buna Shimeji Mushrooms Recipes
Voila! You have a quick and delicious shimeji mushroom dish. If you want, you can pair this with a plate of pasta too for a quick weekday meal.